OutOfMemoryError - GC overhead limit exceeded
Someone asked me recently about the following exception on their ColdFusion server:
java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: GC overhead limit exceeded
This exception is thrown by the garbage collector (in the underlying jvm, it's not specific to ColdFusion), when it is spending way too much time collecting garbage. This error essentially means that you need to add more memory, or reconfigure your garbage collection arguments. You can suppress this error by adding
-XX:-UseGCOverheadLimit to your JVM startup arguments.
Here's what Sun has to say about it:
The parallel / concurrent collector will throw an
OutOfMemoryErrorif too much time is being spent in garbage collection: if more than 98% of the total time is spent in garbage collection and less than 2% of the heap is recovered, an OutOfMemoryError will be thrown. This feature is designed to prevent applications from running for an extended period of time while making little or no progress because the heap is too small. If necessary, this feature can be disabled by adding the option
-XX:-UseGCOverheadLimitto the command line.
- Getting Size of Heap and Non Heap Memory in CFML - July 17, 2013
- Adobe Says Go Ahead and Upgrade your ColdFusion JVM - October 24, 2012
- Java Performance Tuning Guide - December 7, 2005
- ColdFusion Garbage - June 3, 2004
- Tuning Garbage Collection - June 3, 2004
Depending on the actual situation there are couple of other things that have worked for me.
1) Increase the max memory. The default CF install sets it to 512 MB, if you have CF standard you can bump this to 1024 MB, with enterprise you can go beyond that, e.g.:
2) Use a more agressive GC methodology. This has been a saver in several situation. Remove the -XX:+UseParallelGC directive and use the -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC instead.
I have also used other tweaks before including playing with the young/new/old ratios. Before going there profiling GC memory using open source tools such as GCViewer has been helpfull.
This post I found has more details http://www.numtopia.com/terry/blog/archives/2007/06/coldfusion_8_monitoring_heisenberg_errors.cfm the solution in this post is:
"In the CF administrator: Go to Server Monitoring Launch Server Monitor Up at the top there should be 3 options that say Stop Monitoring, Stop Profiling, Stop Memory Tracking. Turn them off.
However, these are turned off by default ...."
Argh! What?! I'm running into more and more issues like this and I'm really becoming disappointed with Adobe. It appears they have two versions of CF now -- developer and Enterprise because Standard is all but useless in a production environment.
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